When a blood vessel carrying blood to the brain, is blocked by a clot, Ischemic stroke occurs. Ischemic also spelled as “isceamia” refers to shortage in the blood supply to the brain.
This occurs due to an underlying condition called atherosclerosis wherein fat deposits clog the walls of the vessels and after a certain stage cause obstruction to the supply of blood. If the blood does not pass through the cells, these cells die immediately thereby hugely impacting the brain function. 87% of the strokes caused, are usually Ischemic and this is considered as an extremely critical condition and needs immediate medical attention.
There are two type of Ischemic strokes:
The onset of symptoms is usually sudden, within seconds or minutes. Sometimes, people have symptoms, over a span of hours or days. A transient Ischemic attack (TIA) may sometimes precede a full blown stroke where in the blood supply to the brain is interrupted for a short period of time. These symptoms are only temporary and do not last for more than 24 hours.
The exact symptoms depend on the part of the brain to which the blood supply is blocked. This is due to the fact that different parts of the brain, control different functions and are supplied blood through different arteries. However, the most common symptoms include
The main causes of this type of stroke include,
The treatment of stroke can be divided into two parts
Treatment of Ischemic Stroke after the Emergency phase: After the emergency phase of treatment a a Neurology centre is over, rehabilitation is the most important phase of treatment once the stroke affects the brain and leaves residual effects. Rehabilitation is aimed at helping the patient regain functionality. It comprise of Physiotherapy to improve the functions of the affected parts of the body, occupational therapy to specifically improve hand function and speech therapy to help patients regain lost speech. It is essential to institute aggressive rehabilitation therapy soon after the stroke. The faster it is started the better the results are.
Prevention of Recurrence of Ischemic stroke
To prevent the chances of another stroke, the doctors recommend anti-coagulant medication to prevent the blood from clotting easily and also medicines to reduce cholesterol. Lifestyle changes like quitting smoking, active lifestyle and adequate rest are also recommended. They might also recommend a procedure to open up the artery that is clogged by fat deposits.
While some risk factors like heredity cannot be changed, other high-risk behaviors like smoking, consumption of alcohol can be brought under control and stopped to avoid such stroke.
Thanks for sharing a nice information which is based on recommended home remedies for paralysis. Really I like to read your blog and I got a lot of knowledge.